The other names by which the bleeding heart is known is the lyre flower or Venus’s car. It is a perennial herbaceous plant which holds its origin to the stretch from south of Siberia to Japan or all of eastern Asia. The bleeding heart plant loves shade and when planted in any garden its flowers make the garden look very beautiful and it is an excellent addition to any garden. This plant has got the name bleeding heart as it has heart shaped flowers which are either white or pink. It also has inner petals which when protrude look like blood droplets. The bleeding heart comes in different colors like white, pink or red and the leaf of the bleeding heart plant is a palmately-compound one. The bleeding heart plant can bear up to 15 single flowers and each flower can be 2-3 cm long. The flowering season of the bleeding heart flowers is from the early spring till the middle of summer.
The Bleeding heart does not have a fussy growing habit. It can grow in different types of soils which is well-drained, average but organically rich and which is medium wet. The bleeding heart grows in areas where the sunlight is partial and which gradually turns to full shade. Before the bleeding heart plant is planted all the weeds in and around the area need to be cleared. In order to improve the fertility as well as the structure of the soil addition of properly rotten organic matter like compost and manure is necessary. The top dressing should be applied yearly as by doing this it not only improves the water retention power of the light and free draining soils but also helps to open the texture of the heavy clay soils. Before the bleeding heart is planted a layer of well rotten organic matter about 5-10 cm should be applied over the site and the soil is required to be tiled or forked till the top spit of soil. The soil should be allowed to settle before the bleeding heart is planted
The flowers of the bleeding heart plant are heart shaped and drooling. Air and insects are the medium by which the bleeding heart gets pollinated. There are ample of varieties of bleeding heart of which the preferred varieties are Adrian Bloom which has crimson red flowers, and Luxuriant has cherry-red flowers, the Alba, Pantaloons and Snow Drift have white flowers and the Bountiful has deep pink flowers. The bleeding heart can be planted from young shoots that start from the soil or from seeds or divided roots. If the bleeding heart is planted in rows then it should be planted at a distance of at least 2feet apart. The pH level of the soil should be maintained at about 6 – 7.5. The commercial fertilizers should be fed lightly. The bleeding heart plants can grow as high as 2 to 3 feet long and they take about 2years to mature. The bleeding heart plant can also be grown in pots. The bleeding heart plants are usually grown as it adds more beauty to the area where it is planted.